This species, characteristic of the Iberian peninsula, is the most threatened feline in the world. Fortunately, after a recovery programme developed in recent years, its population has increased markedly.

Although its appearance is very similar, it has a larger size than a domestic cat, and is easily distinguished by the characteristic brushes of its ears. It is also characterized by sideburns on the sides of its cheeks, which increase in size with age. During its first year there is hardly any difference in the size of males and females, although over time the former will stand out noticeably on the latter.

Its diet is mainly based on rabbits, although they can also feed on partridges and similar birds.

Los Montes de Toledo is one of the areas where, fortunately, the population of Elce Ibérico has increased in recent years.